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PostPosted: Tue Jun 16, 2015 9:56 am 
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http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/17/sport ... share&_r=0

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WASHINGTON — The F.B.I. and Justice Department prosecutors are investigating front-office officials for the St. Louis Cardinals, one of the most successful teams in baseball over the past two decades, for hacking into the internal networks of a rival team to steal closely guarded information about player personnel.

Investigators have uncovered evidence that Cardinals officials broke into a network of the Houston Astros that housed special databases the team had built, according to law enforcement officials. Internal discussions about trades, proprietary statistics and scouting reports were compromised, the officials said.

The officials did not say which employees were the focus of the investigation or whether the team’s highest-ranking officials were aware of the hacking or authorized it. The investigation is being led by the F.B.I.’s Houston field office and has progressed to the point that subpoenas have been served on the Cardinals and

The Houston Astros hired Luhnow as general manager in December 2011. Before then he had been a successful and polarizing executive with the Cardinals.

The attack represents the first known case of corporate espionage in which a professional sports team has hacked the network of another team. Illegal intrusions into companies’ networks have become commonplace, but it is generally conducted by hackers operating in foreign countries, like Russia and China, who steal large tranches of data or trade secrets for military equipment and electronics.

Major League Baseball “has been aware of and has fully cooperated with the federal investigation into the illegal breach of the Astros’ baseball operations database,” a spokesman for baseball’s commissioner, Rob Manfred, said in a written statement.

The Cardinals officials under investigation have not been put on leave, suspended or fired. The commissioner’s office is likely to wait until the conclusion of the government’s investigation to determine whether to take disciplinary action against the officials or the team.

The case is a rare mark of ignominy for the Cardinals, one of the sport’s most revered and popular organizations. The team has the best record in baseball this season (42-21), regularly commands outsize television ratings and has reached the National League Championship Series nine times since 2000. The Cardinals, who last won the World Series in 2011, have 11 titles over all, second only to the Yankees.

Their owner, Bill DeWitt, is a highly regarded executive who last year was in charge of the search committee for a new commissioner to replace the retiring Bud Selig.

Law enforcement officials believe the hacking was executed by vengeful front-office employees for the Cardinals hoping to wreak havoc on the work of Jeff Luhnow, the Astros’ general manager who had been a successful and polarizing executive with the Cardinals until 2011.

From 1994 to 2012, the Astros and the Cardinals were division rivals, in the National League. For a part of that time, Mr. Luhnow was a Cardinals executive, primarily handling scouting and player development. One of many innovative thinkers drawn to the sport by the “Moneyball” phenomenon, he was credited with building baseball’s best minor league system, as well as drafting several players who would become linchpins of the Cardinals’ 2011 World Series-winning team.

The Astros hired Mr. Luhnow as general manager in December 2011, and he quickly began applying his unconventional approach to running a baseball team. In an exploration of the team’s radical transformation, Bloomberg Business called it “a project unlike anything baseball has seen before.”

Under Mr. Luhnow, the Astros have accomplished a striking turnaround; they are in first place in the American League West division. But in 2013, before their revival at the major league level, their internal deliberations about statistics and players were compromised, law enforcement officials said.

The intrusion did not appear to be sophisticated, the law enforcement officials said. When Mr. Luhnow was with the Cardinals, the organization built a computer network, called Redbird, to house all of their baseball operations information — including scouting reports and player personnel information. After leaving to join the Astros, and bringing some front-office personnel with him from the Cardinals, Houston created a similar program known as Ground Control.

Ground Control contained the Astros’ “collective baseball knowledge,” according to a Bloomberg Business article published last year. The program took a series of variables and “weights them according to the values determined by the team’s statisticians, physicist, doctors, scouts and coaches,” the article said.

Investigators believe Cardinals officials, concerned that Mr. Luhnow had taken their idea and proprietary baseball information to the Astros, examined a master list of passwords used by Mr. Luhnow and the other officials who had joined the Astros when they worked for the Cardinals. The Cardinals officials are believed to have used those passwords to gain access to the Astros’ network, law enforcement officials said.

Last year, some of the information was posted anonymously online, according to an article on Deadspin. Among the details that were exposed were trade discussions that the Astros had with other teams. Mr. Luhnow was asked at the time whether the breach would affect how he dealt with other teams. “Today I used a pencil and paper in all my conversations,” he said.

Believing that the Astros’ network had been compromised by a rogue hacker, Major League Baseball notified the F.B.I., and the authorities in Houston opened an investigation. Agents soon found that the Astros’ network had been entered from a computer at a home that some Cardinals officials had lived in. The agents then turned their attention to the team’s front office.

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PostPosted: Tue Jun 16, 2015 1:20 pm 
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Everyone is saying "hacking".
That's kind of misleading. There was no brute force entry...there was no decryption of encrypted data...there was no tearing down of a system via malicious means to gain entry...there was nothing planted (virus, trojan, etc) that allowed entry from the outside.

They logged into someone else's system with a valid username and password.

Now, with that said...it is still very wrong. But it isn't "hacking".
If it is proven that the Cardinals front office did this...then shame on them and someone may go to jail over it.

But seeing as the guilty party logged in from his home, I'm guessing he really didn't know what he was doing and likely didn't think it was illegal...just unethical. Because if you are going to do illegal stuff, (log into someone else's system, steal info and post it anonymously online), you for (Frank)'s sake shouldn't do it from your home computer...and if you do, you really need to mask your IP and very carefully cover your tracks. It doesn't sound like the guilty party took any of the necessary precautions...so that tells me it wasn't an organized effort from the Cardinals organization, but a couple vindictive Cardinal employees. If this were an organized effort, then surely they wouldn't have been caught...especially when they had a legit login to use.

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PostPosted: Tue Jun 16, 2015 6:20 pm 
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This is potentially (and probably) a really big deal. This is essentially corporate espionage in a multi-billion dollar industry. Whoever did this is in a lot of trouble.

That said, I'm hoping it's a low-ranking official. This was so amateurish that I have a hard time seeing it come from the top. If my assumption is true, how the Cardinals get judged should largely be on how they reacted to this, because there's no way they didn't know this happened even if it was somebody going rogue.

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PostPosted: Tue Jun 16, 2015 6:31 pm 
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Just found this on a Cards forum. It's from a VEB article. I think this makes the most sense for an explanation that I've heard so far. Again, my main concern is how the organization dealt with this. If he was given a promotion, we need some house-cleaning. If he got fired, this is a total non-issue from an organizational level.

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So it appears that the pettiness that created a schism within the St. Louis front office after Bill DeWitt Jr.’s hiring of Luhnow that ultimately resulted in the termination of former Cardinals GM Walt Jocketty turned into vengefulness toward Luhnow after he left for Houston. This resulted in hacking the Houston system, gaining access to sensitive internal information, and leaking it online—all in an effort to make life difficult for Luhnow. One wonders whether these individuals had any inkling that what they were doing was a violation of federal law.

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PostPosted: Tue Jun 16, 2015 6:31 pm 
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Just found this on a Cards forum. It's from a VEB article. I think this makes the most sense for an explanation that I've heard so far. Again, my main concern is how the organization dealt with this. If he was given a promotion, we need some house-cleaning. If he got fired, this is a total non-issue from an organizational level.

Quote:
So it appears that the pettiness that created a schism within the St. Louis front office after Bill DeWitt Jr.’s hiring of Luhnow that ultimately resulted in the termination of former Cardinals GM Walt Jocketty turned into vengefulness toward Luhnow after he left for Houston. This resulted in hacking the Houston system, gaining access to sensitive internal information, and leaking it online—all in an effort to make life difficult for Luhnow. One wonders whether these individuals had any inkling that what they were doing was a violation of federal law.

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